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Annals of the DeRosset Family 

as compiled from original documents by 

Catherine DeRosset Meares 



Part A: Pages 1 - 33 of a total of 91 

Scanned from a copy of the book in the possession of 
James Bailey deRosset ofAsheville, North Carolina, 2012 



The DeRosset Family 

Huguenot Immigrants to the Province of North Carolina 
Early in the Eighteenth Century 


Go fall thy sons! Instruct them what & deht 
They owe their ancestors, ami make them swear 
To pay it. by transmitting down entire 
The sacred heritage to 'which themselves -were born. 




To the revered memory of a long line of wortky 
ancestry these pages are inscribed* by one of their 
descendants, who has a worthy pride in the record 
of exalted piety and steadfast faith, of public service 
and private virtues which they have left for the imi- 
tation of generations yet to come. 


In offering to the DeRossets of my own and future generations this memorial 
of our forefathers, I do not claim for it any literary merit, nor do I invoke either 
criticism or indulgence. It is simply an effort to preserve in permanent form 
some records of the olden time, which were laid aside long ago for safe-keeping, 
and were forgotten or neglected as the years passed on. 

After my father's death, in 1897, the old house, which in its century of exist- 
ence had sheltered sis generations, was to pass out of the family. These papers 
were found and brought from their hidden recesses, and as a labor of love I 
undertook the task, which has proved a solace and comfort in times of sorrow and 

It may be thought that I have gone too far into historical detail— familiar to 
our elders, it is true; but my hope is to interest our young people in the story of 
their ancestors, and thereby to inspire them with a love of general historical study 
and research. 

It may be pertinent to state that a short time ago some of the documents herein 
contained were, by permission, printed in the magazine of the University of 
North Carolina (The Jas. Sprunt Historical Monograph, No. IV.), under the 
title of "The DeRosset Papers." They aroused unlooked-for interest and called 
forth many requests that have induced this publication. C. DeR. Meares, 



"The souls of the righteous are in the hands of God." 
"Their names shall be had in everlasting remembrance," 

A daughter of an ancient, honorable house, who, standing on the threshold 
of a new century, pauses for a backward glance down the vista of past years, 
finds an inviting field of retrospect and research ever widening before her. 

In mental vision she sees a stately procession of dames and sires, whose names 
have been made familiar to her in the oft-told tales of later generations. Imagi- 
nation would weave around them many a romance of love and devotion, of chiv- 
alry and heroism, but the bare facts of their story have a sufficient charm of their 
own, which, illumined with vivid reality by the flash-lights of legend and tradi- 
tion, makes truth seem to her more interesting, if not more strange, than fiction. 
The ties of kindred are drawn closer by the simple act of Remembrance, and at 
its tender touch a fresh sensation is born within her, kindling the desire to per- 
petuate their memory as her heart echoes the words of Solomon the wise, 

"The glory of children are their Fathers." 

* * # * * * # * * * 

The principle of reverence for ancestors seems to be implanted in the human 
heart. Men in all ages and in all lands have manifested it. In some form or 
other it was embodied in all the ancient myths and religions, and the Oriental 
Nations still maintain it in their systems of ancestral worship. The thoughtful 
philosopher of old, groping in the darkness of a hopeless future, asking 
"whither am I going?" turned with scarce less earnestness to the dim past for a 
solution of the counter-mystery, "whence came I, and my fathers before me?" 

It has been reverently remarked that there was one point of human pride and 
greatness that even our Lord in His humanity did not disdain — His illustrious 
lineage ! Emptied of His Divine glory, and taking upon Himself the form of a 
servant, choosing for His earthly abode the home of a village carpenter, and for 
His Virgin-Mother, a lowly maid of Nazareth, yet it was divinely ordered that 
that most blessed among women, should, for her Christ-Child, claim descent 
through a long line of Israel's Kings, that so her Son might be known to the 
world He came to save as "the Son of David, the King," the Son of "Abraham, 
the Friend of God." 


With such precedent and example, what wonder is it that we should love to 
search the records of the past and recall the noble characters whose worthy 
deeds have bequeathed to us the heritage of "a good name, which is better than 
great riches !" Well may the hearts of each successive generation thrill with the 
enthusiasm of reverent love and pride, and be stimulated to imitate the virtues 
and emulate the good works of those who have "gone before." 

In the last half -century there has been a remarkable awakening of interest in 
genealogical research. Societies have been organized whose avowed object is to 
preserve the memory of ancestors, to collect data concerning their genealogy and 
history, and to perpetuate the part they took in the founding and upbuilding of 
the New World. Coming to its shores from every enlightened nation, these 
immigrants found generous welcome and secure refuge, and well did they reward 
her fostering care by bringing to our fair land all that was noble and best of the 
Old World's civilizations. 

Of all classes of men who have helped to make this nation, none can boast a 
prouder ancestry than the descendants of those French Huguenots, who for many 
weary years suffered persecution for conscience's sake ; who with steadfast faith 
and patient heroism "endured grief, suffering wrongfully f who fought valiantly 
for the Truth as God revealed it to them, and who, when Hope had sunk into 
Despair, abandoned worldly honors and possessions and fled from kindred and 
country to make new homes among strangers in a far-off land and to do their 
parts as worthy citizens of the "Land of the Free." History tells that the 
story of Huguenot endurance is among the most heroic and remarkable records 
of religious persecution, and that their noble qualities of heart and mind, purified 
and strengthened by affliction, assured for them glad welcome and made them a 
blessing and honor to every home of their adoption. 

Holding in reverent love the honored name of one of those Huguenot refugees, 
I deem it due to his memory that his descendants should possess such records of 
the past as are still extant. The "moth and rust" of Time are fast doing their 
destructive work upon the old documents, and all that remain are necessarily held 
in safe-keeping and are not available for frequent reference. Therefore, failing 
one better fitted for the work, and deeply feeling my inability to do it justice, I 
make this attempt to compile the existing records for the benefit of those of this 
and later generations who may feel interested in them ; earnestly hoping that in 
years to come my imperfect tribute to the memory of our forefathers may be 
revised and improved upon by some later scion of the good old family of 
DeRosset. C. DeR. M. 

Wilmington, N. C, 1906. 

Page Eigh. 


The Early Records 


Ancient Genealogical Lines, 
"He who has no ancestors thinks but little of it, but he who has rejoices in it." 

In the public "Acts" of the Southeastern Provinces of France the deRosset 
name is variously written deRozet, deRosset, deRouzet, deRousset, &c, but most 
frequently in its present form; always, however, ending in "et" it was pro- 
nounced deRossay, never as now, as though spelled "ette." It was a numerous 
family, with ramifications in various localities. Records of three distinct 
branches exist, each of which bears internal evidence of relationship to the two 
others, showing conclusively that they were all from a common stock, though the 
origin of the family is lost in the darkness and turmoil of mediseval ages. All 
that we know of its early history we owe to the untiring interest and research 
of my brother, the late Louis H. deRosset (1840-1875). Residing in England 
for several years after the close of the War Between the States, the opportunity 
was offered him of searching into the Government records and those of the 
French Huguenot Church in London, and also for a visit to the south of France 
to examine the State papers in the archives of several cities where our ancestors 
had resided. Louis was a good French scholar and, though his time was limited, 
the discoveries he made proved to be of great interest and value, and encourage 
the hope that future research may bring to light other documents of still greater 
importance. Copies were made (and attested officially) of records at Mont- 
pelier, Avignon and elsewhere, and memoranda taken of detached items wherever 
our name, or names of other families connected with ours, were found. These 
documents give undoubted proof of the high social rank of the deRossets for 
many centuries and establish beyond dispute our claim to be of the same blood. 
Tradition had taught us that we were of Swiss origin, and again that we were of 
French descent, both of which statements are substantiated by these papers, and 
their discrepancy explained. 

Of these the most interesting to us is copied from "L'Histoire de la Noblesse 
de Languedoc," the home of our immediate ancestors. 

deRosset m Proveme, 

Translation. — "An ancient manuscript in the archives of Aries relates that 
the deRosset family is originally from Switzerland; and that Nicolas (or 

Page Thirteen 


'Coulet') deRosset, who is the first of whom we know anything, left that country 
in the fourteenth century with the other 'gentlemen' who were faithful to the 
house of Austria, when the Swiss 'threw off the foreign yoke.' Nicolas came 
at first to dwell at Lyons, from there to Toulon, then to Aries and finally to Salon, 
where Amedee (1), Bertrand (1), Amedee (2), and Bertrand (2), his descend- 
ants, carried on an honorable commerce in order to repair the losses that Nicolas, 
their ancestor, had incurred in leaving the great possessions he had held in the 
Swiss Cantons, 

"Antoine deRosset, son of Bertrand (2), and another Antoine, his first cousin, 
applied to Francis I. for letters of rehabilitation of their nobility, which were 
granted to them by that King, February 13, 1515, 'Propter antiquam nobili- 
tatem,' and those same letters, which are registered at Aix, in the Chambre des 
Comtes (Regitre Piscis), also tell that Antoine inherited all the property of his 
cousin, and left by Marie de Bellis (his first wife) one daughter, of whom 
nothing is known. 

"Antoine married (2d) Antoinette de Silvy, mother of Gaspard (1), who suc- 
ceeded, and of several other sons, who died in the service of the King during the 
wars of the League. 

"Gaspard (1) was Governor of the Chateau de Vernegues, and had by Jeanne 
de Damian- Vernegues (1) Thomas, (2) Mathieu, an officer in the troops of 
the Republic of Venice, and (3) Charles, Lieut.-Col. of the Regiment of Provence 
and Commandant of the Fortress of Salces, in 1631.* The following year he 
defended the Chateau de Beaucaire against the Duke de Montinorenci, 'who 
dared not attack it, knowing his valor.' The King in recompense of his services 
created him in 1647 Field Marshal of his Armies, and in 1648 he was entrusted 
with the command of the coasts of Provence from Toulon to Antibes. The 
Queen Mother thanked him for the zeal he had shown for the welfare and tran- 
quility of the State, by a letter which is preserved in the original among the 
archives of the family. 

"I'homas deRosset, Co-Seigneur d'Auronc, married Blanche deRenaud (des 
Seigneurs d'Aleric), as per contract of 1600, and left (1) Gaspard 2d, who 
succeeded (2) Charles (received Knight of Malta in 1640), and was Capt. of 

*SaIees was one of the most important of the frontier fortresses of France, the command of 
which was an honor eagerly sought by military men of rank. Situated at the foot of the 
Pyrenees near the Mediterranean, it guarded the entrance to the little Kingdom of Roussillon, 
and was called "the Key of Spain" on the side of Catalonia. In the long continued wars be- 
tween France and Spain its possession was of the greatest importance to both nations, who 
alternately besieged and held it. 

Page Fourteen 


Cavalry in the regiment of Gassion, afterwards an exempt of the body-guard, 
and died in 1680, after having been given a 'Commandery.' 

"(3) Andre (received Knight at the same time as his brother) died during the 
wars of the Piedmont. (4 and 5) Marie and Marthe deRosset, who married into 
the houses of deCordes and deDamian. 

"Gaspard (£) married Catherine de Milamy, and had by her, among other 
children, Charles and Blanche ; the latter also married into the family deCordes. 

"Charles married, in 1686, Madeleine deTorcnc, by whom he had (1) Francois, 
(2) Louis and (3) Antoine. The last two died Captains in the Regiment of 
Taillard. Charles was maintained in his nobility by judgment of M. le Bret in 

"Francois, after having served as Captain in the same regiment for thirty-five 
years, was 'retired' at Senas in 1740, with a pension from the King, under the 
Cross of St. Louis, and married in 1743 Claire de Faudron, daughter of 'the 
noble Andre Joseph de Faudron, Seigneur de Taillades.' " 

The above has this endorsement: 

Copie de ArtefeuUle. — Histoire de la Noblesse de Provence, 2 torn., pp. 339, 
&c, Avignon, 1776. 

de ROZET. 
Seigneurs et Barons de la Garde en Calvere et en Quercy. 

Coat of Arms. 

"D' Azure a un Lion d'or rampant arme ; couroune et langue de gueule, tenant 
dans les pattes de devant une Hache d'armes aussi d'or, le manche en bas." 

Translation. — "The house dcRozet, distinguished for military services, whose 
name is in the 'Acts' indifferently written deRozet, deRouzet, deRoset, de- 
Rousset and deRosset, is without doubt one of the oldest of Quercy.* The 
original titles which they produce are of sufficient proof, notwithstanding that 
the fine cannot be traced certainly beyond the middle of the fourteenth century. 
The Chateau de la Garde, which from time immemorial belonged to the MM. 
deRozet, was taken and pillaged during the civil wars by judgment of the 
Seneschal deLauzcrte, January 10, 1640, which misfortune takes it out of their 

"Quercy and Rouergue were neighboring Countships in the Duchy of Aquitaine. The chief 
town of Quercy was Cahors, that of Rouergue was Rhodez. The whole was then a part of 
Languedoe. In the thirteenth century they lapsed to the Crown and their names can now 
only be found in an ancient atlas or history. (Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Toulouse.") 

Page Fifteen 


power, in common with other houses reputed the most ancient, to trace a lonser 
line." e 

The historian, La Faille, in his "Traits de la Noblesse des Capitouls de 
Toulouse»f (1707), pp. 106, &c, also places this house among the most ancient 
of Quercy. "The Rozets," he says, "Seigneurs de la Garde and of other prop- 
erty ,n Quercy, very old 'gentlemen,' were, by report of the historians of the first 
Crusade (1096), among the lords who made the passage across the sea. Their 
principal wealth descended through a daughter in the family of the old Barons 
de Sux (or Suzech), to whom succeeded the Counts de Rastignac." Some 
detached memoranda of this branch will be found interesting. 
"In 1263, one Segui deRozet, assisted at an 'Act.' " 

"In 1271, Messire G. deRozet, Chevalier, in his will requests to be buried in 
the cemetery of Ste. Marie de Lauzerte. He leaves to his wife (la Dame Guil- 
harde, 8000 'fols de Cahors,' 'being the dowry received with her.' Their 
children are mentioned: (1) Segui, (2) Andrait, married Jean Fuzel, (3) Ar- 
mande, (4) Finas, (5) Philippe, and (6) Guiscarde. All are daughters except 
the first, Segui, who in 1260 married and had issue, (1) Arnaud, (2) Fabre, (3) 
Bertrand, (4) Faure, (5) Francois (Arch Priest). 

"In 1279, Bd. deRozet made his will, leaving as sole heir Arnaud deRozet— 
probably his nephew— who married Dame Martine. She afterwards married 
le noblehomme Messire B. de St. Geniez, Chevalier, &c. 

"In 1689, Pierre deRozet married Marie de la Boissiere, and had issue 
Joseph, Arnaud and others." But these bring us to a date more recent than 
the Revocation and, therefore, the record has no further interest for us. 

Two items, however, should be noticed as referring to Protestant members of 
the family prior to the Revocation. 

"In 1614, Paul deRousset, Sgr, de Cluzeau, m. the dau. of Francois d'Alzac 
and Anne de Seyrat." The place is not mentioned, but the record says "they are 

October 28, 1645, Pierre de Rousset, Sgr. d'Elcasse, m. Marguerite de Tou- 
louse, dau. of the Marquis de Toubuse-Lantrec, Sgr. de St. Geniez, Baron de 
Cesterols and Seneschal de Castres, "one of the strongest Protestants." 

fToulouse had twelve Capitularies or Consuls. Early in the fourteenth century they took the 
name of donun, de capitulof a little later, that of "capitulum nobilium." In the sixteenth 
century by a false delation, the ancient "domini de capitulo" was changed into the modern 

Page Sixteen 


Coat of Arms. 

Ecartele au premier d'argent a. un boquet de trois roses de gueule, la tige et 
les feuilles d'or, qui est "deRosset." 

au deuxime, de gueule, au lion d'or, qui est "deLasset." 

au troiseme ecartele d'argent et de sable, qui est "de la Tude." 

au quatrienie d'azur a, trois roses dechiquier d'or, qui est de "Rocozel." 

sur la tout d'azur a trois roses d'or, qui est "de Fleury." 

This document is translated from "de la Roque Noblesse de Languedoc." 
Montpelier; Felix Seguin, Libraire-Editeur, 1160, pp. 449-451, No. 482. It 
was obtained through the Count d'Aragon and by the courtesy of M. Marzials, 
pastor of the French Huguenot Church in London, was loaned to Louis H. 
deRosset, January SO, 1866, and copied by himself. 

The house deRosset is originally from Rouergue. The first known founder 
is Philippe deRosset, Sgr. and Baron de Monpaon, Due de Vabres, who married 
about 1400 Marguerite deRoquefeuil. 

Philippe (2) m. first, Elizabeth de Premillac, and second, Perronne de Pavie, 
and had issue, (1) Pierre I., Sgr. dc la Vallette and Co-Sgr. de Soubez, who mar- 
ried Blai'de de Tranquier. From this marriage was born Pierre (2), who was 
the founder of the line proven before M. deEezons (d'Hozier J. R. 471). 

Pwrre deRosset (2) Sgr. de Brignac de la Vernede, m. November 6, 1504, 
Isabelle deLasset. Issue: (1) Pierre, who followed (2) Thomas, and (3) 
Etienne, Minister of the Church in Lodeve. 

Pierre deRosset (3) Sgr. de Brignac de la Vernede and de Gorgas, m. Mar- 
guerite de Chavagnac. Issue: (1) Michel, who m. December 9, 1550, Gabrielle 
deGep, (2) Jean, who succeeded, (3) Etienne, (4) Jacquette, (5) Franchise, (6) 

Jean deRosset, Equerry, Sgr. de Gorgas and de la Vernede, Capt, com- 
manding a company of warriors (1591), m. March 3, 1567, Etiennette de 
Vissec de la Tude. Had issue: (1) Francois, who succeeded (2) Souveraine, 
who m. Amaud deNeffies, (3) Angele, who in. Elie de Soumaitre, (4) Marquise, 
who m. Francois deCannac. 

Francois deRosset, Sgr. de Gorgas and de la Vernede, m. July 25, 1598, 
Catherine deRocozel, heiress of her house, had many children, of whom Jean 
deRosset, Sgr. de Ceilhes, de Gorgas, de la Vernede and de Rocozel, "Homme 
d'armes" in the company of Sgr. d'Arpajon, assisted at the siege of Salces in 
Roussillon; m. August 11, 1636, Anne de Paschal de Saint Juery. Issue: (1) 

Page Seventeen 


Jean Louis, Minister of the Church in Lodeve, Arch Deacon of St. Fulcrand, 
(2) Bernardin, who succeeded, (3) Guillaume, (4) Francois, (5) Catherine, 
who m. Pons de la Treille, (6, 7 and 8) Antoinette, Marie and Jeanne, Ursuline 
nuns at Lodeve. 

Bernardin deRosset, Sgr. de Ceilhes, de Rocozel, de Bonloc, de Gorgas and 
de la Vernede (maintained in his nobility with his father by royal decree of 
August 29, 1669), in, January 24, 1680, Marie de Fleury — sister of the Car- 
dinal. Issue: (1) Jean Hercule, who succeeded, (2) Henri, Minister of the 
Church in Lodeve, (3) Pons, Governor of Soumieres (1729), Lieut.-Gen. of 
the King's Armies (1734), Governor of Roussillon (1736), Grand Cross of the 
Order of St. Louis (1737), (4) Philippe Antoine, (5, 6, 7) Marie, Helen and 
Anne, (8) Marguerite, who m. June 28, 1797, Jean Baptiste de Fleury, Capt. 
in the Queen's Regiment. 

The record is continued to 1815, when the direct line of deRosset de Fleury 
became extinct by the death, in Paris, of Andre Hercule, who left no issue. 

Cardinal de Fleury was a native of Lodeve. His eminent position in Church 
and State enabled him to advance the interests of his sister's family. As the 
record relates : "La Maison deRosset ayant herite de la f aveur accordee au Car- 
dinal ;" his nephew, Jean Hercule deRosset, in 1730, obtained the changing of the 
Barony of Perpignan, in Languedoc, into a Dukedom, under the name de 
Fleury. The coat of arms we have described is not of de Fleury, but of deRosset 
— the quarterings being all of families allied to that of deRosset prior to the 
marriage of Bernadin deRosset and Marie de Fleury (1680). 

As this marriage took place only five years before the Revocation and the exile 
of our ancestor, we claim no inheritance of de Fleury blood, though it is said 
that the "Pierre" who founded this line was also the founder of our branch of the 
family. The spelling of the name is identical with our own, which increases the 
probability of the statement. 

We must bear in mind the historical fact that the bitter hatred of the Protest- 
ants required all traces of them to be obliterated. Their very names were blotted 
out, their estates confiscated, marriages annulled and children declared illegiti- 
mate. As late as 1866, my brother found it impossible to induce the people to 
talk of the Huguenots and their times. 

He visited, among other cities, Uzes, Nimes, Montpelicr, Cette, Avignon, 
Narbonne and Bordeaux, and found it the same everywhere. 

It will be observed that many sons of the deRosset de Fleury line were abbots 
and ministers of the Church of Rome, and that numerous of their maidens lived 
and died nuns in the Convents of Lodeve. 

Page Eighteen 


Still another and more illustrious line, in which the name deRossct appears, 
was found by my brother Louis. It is that of St. Louis, Roi de France (1226- 
1270), who by Marguerite de Provence had many descendants. Their oldest 
son, Robert of France, Comte de Clermont (d. 1317), m. Beatrix de Bourgoyne 
Dame de Bourbon, from whom came the Bourbon Kings, who in 1593, in the 
person of Henry IV (of Navarre), ascended the throne. Among the names of 
distinguished men who married daughters of this line (the Dukes of Savoie 
and de Montmorenci, the Count de la Marche, &c), is found that of Georges 
deRosset, Sgr. de Saint Sauveur — his daughter, Laure deRosset de St. Sauveur, 
m. Gabriel, Sgr. de Chateau Blanc, and their daughter, Diane de Chateau 
Blanc, m. Charles de Vissec, Marquis de Gorgas, &c. 

My purpose in transcribing all these, apparently useless, papers, is both to 
preserve in their entirety my brother's notes and memoranda, which may some day 
be valuable, and also as sufficient proofs of the nobility and social standing of 
the deRosset family in their native land. 

But, after all, interesting though they are, they do not give us the missing 
link which would prove for us a direct genealogical line through all those 

Page Nineteen 


The Old Documents. 

In 1840, Wilmington was visited by a disastrous conflagration, which destroyed 
much of the business portion of the town, including my grand-father's office, 
where were stored the old French Bible, containing dates of births, marriages, 
deaths, &c, important family records, and priceless memorials brought to this 
country by our refugee ancestor. By some happy chance a few French papers 
were not among them, and from those that remain, together with traditions 
handed down by several sucessive long-lived generations, we get a fair outline of 
our family history for some 300 years. Of these extant papers the oldest is 

known as 

"The Mathieu Document." 

It is inscribed on parchment (of asses' skin), in elaborate chirography, with 
characters so minute and contractions so numerous, that the efforts of the 
best French scholars never were successful in deciphering it. Only the name 
"Mathieu Rosset" could be distinguished. So its purport remained a mystery 
for many generations, until in 1898 I determined, if possible, to find an expert 
who could interpret and translate it. At Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 
Md., I met in the Assistant Librarian, Mr. Melvin Brandow, the man I had been 
seeking, and I record his name here, as a small but grateful tribute to his kindness 
and courtesy as well as to his success. It proved to be the official appointment of 
Mathieu Rosset as Secretary in Ordinary to the Due d'Anjou. As it must 
remain unintelligible to any but an expert, it may be interesting to point out 
some of its notable points, that we may get a taste of its historic flavor. 

The Duke d'Anjou was the youngest of the four sons of Henri II. and Cath- 
erine de Medici. The three oldest reigned successively Kings of France, viz: 
Francis II., Charles IX. and Henry III., the last of whom was still on the 
throne, fulfilling his destiny as the last of the Valois, and the weakest and most 
ignoble of Kings. These all died childless, and if Anjou had outlived his 
brother, he, too, would have reigned. 

The Queen-Mother used all her arts to bring about the marriage of the heir 
presumptive to Elizabeth of England, but without avail. He was weak and 
vacillating and at one time openly espoused the cause of the Protestants and 

Page Twenty 

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Henry of Navarre, but was brought back to his allegiance through the mediation 
of his mother and the tempting offer of the Dukedom of Anjou, a higher dignity 
than that of d'Alencon which he held. 

The appointment of Mathieu is made, May 18th, 1581, through Christoffe 
de Thou, Councillor of State and first President of the Parliament of Paris. He 
was the father of Jacques de Thou, Royal Librarian and famous as the great 
Latin historian of his time. 

The document bears the autograph "Francoys"— he is called "Son of France 
and only brother of the King"— and it is "Given at Alencon," &c. On the 
reverse is this endorsement, "On July 10th following, 1582, Mathieu deRosset 
took the required oath and entered upon the duties of his office with all its favors, 
privileges, rights, &c, &c." 


May 2, 1685. 
"God sifted a whole nation that He might send choice seed into this wilderness." 

When Louis XIV. (1643-1715) signed the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 
he little knew what a blessing he was bestowing upon other nations at the expense 
of his own fair realm. It was the virtual banishment of 50,000 families of the 
best blood of the kingdom. It was no mob of the commune, no motley crowd of 
the offscouring of the people, that were driven from their homes; but a vast 
throng of peaceable, industrious citizens of every degree ; skilled artisans, manu- 
facturers and agriculturists; men of military renown; distinguished men of 
letters, art and science ; families of culture and refinement, who planted in every 
land of their refuge the good seed of a fresh, wholesome and vigorous civilization. 

The Huguenot movement did not begin among the poor unlettered class, but 
among the noble, learned and distinguished of the Provinces. The cruelties of 
persecution weighed heavily upon those of the South, for they were the strong- 
holds of the "diabolical faith." The leaders of "the new religion" were men of 
rank and political and military distinction. Among them were the illustrious 
princes and statesmen of the house of Conde ; the wise and good Duke de Sully ; 
the great Marshal Turenne ; the pure and pious Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, 
the immortal proto-martyr of St. Bartholeinew's Eve; the renowned warrior, 
Frederick Armand, Duke de Schomberg, and others of the same type. Their 
clergy were learned, eloquent, zealous and pious ; their followers were brave and 
courageous, consecrated to their cause and ready to die in its defense. Prince 
and peasant alike rallied around the white plume of Navarre, and the standards 

Page Twenty-One 


of other leaders, to fight the good fight of a true Faith against ecclesiastical 
tyranny and political despotism; for political antagonism and ambition, rather 
than religious zeal, was the real motive power of all that warfare and persecution. 
Edicts and counter-edicts were promulgated to suit the temper, or to advance 
the interests and ambitious designs of the reigning King and his sycophants. 

The Edict of Nantes, issued by Henry IV., April 15, 1598, was but a hollow 
truce, continually broken by massacres and unjust impositions, though it con- 
tinued nominally in force for eighty-seven years, when the "Revocation" was 
sent forth to publish to the world the shame and dishonor of a great and powerful 
nation. The evil influence behind the throne in bringing about this infamy was 
Louvois le Tellier, "the evil genius of France" — "Louvois le Terrible, whom all 
men hated," yet "the greatest war minister of history." His cruelty inaugu- 
rated the fearful Dragonnades, and his work was followed up so unsparingly by 
persecution and banishment, that the year 1685 came to be fitly called "the era 
of the depopulation of France." The danger menacing the nation was met by 
a decree forbidding emigration under heavy penalties, and the poor hunted 
victims were forced to live in utter seclusion in their homes, or driven into dens 
and caves of the earth. 

Among those who left France immediately after the Revocation was Louis 
deRousset. It does not appear that any other members of his family went with 
him into exile, which constrains us to believe that as a family the deRossets were 
not Protestants. Louis writes, in an extant letter : "I left France because I would 
not be made a Papist of" — implying that family pressure may have striven to 
keep him in the Roman obedience. 

His wife's family were Protestants, but his parents died before his marriage, 
and we know not whether they were of the "new" faith, or whether his conversion 
was due to the influence of his wife and her people. 

It would naturally be supposed that among so numerous a family others of his 
kindred, if of the same faith, would have accompanied the lonely exile. But 
history tells us that families were divided one against another then, as ia all 
times of civil and religious wars. Separation from those we love is one of the 
bitterest of the trials of the sufferer for conscience sake. 

Page Twenty-Two 



K ' i> » 

'"- r, '- - 


- _ 




I 3* I 






The Huguenot Exile. 

Louis deRousset, born (approximately) in 1645, was the son of Louis de- 
Rousset, Docteur en Droits, and the Lady Catherine de Moynier, de la Ville 
dUzes. He married (by contract of February 10th, 1671) the Lady GabrieUe 
de Gondin, also of la Ville d'Uzes, daughter of the late Philippe de Gondin and 
Lady Anne de Fontf roide. The said Anne de Fontfroide was the daughter of 
Maitre Antoine de Fontfroide, Treasurer of the King's domain in the Sene- 
sclmussce de Nines, and the Lady Catherine de Cassagnes. 

We learn these facts from the original marriage contract, which is still in 

possession of the family. In it Louis is called "Nobilissimus" and also "Capi- 

taine ;" he could hardly have been less than twenty-five years of age at that time. 

This document is of exceeding value and interest, being the only source of 

information of the facts just related. 

It tells that the marriage of the said Sieur deRousset and GabrieUe de Gondin 
wa S "ordained for the glory of God and for the increase of the human race," that 
it was to be solemnized in the afternoon, in the so-called ("pretendue") Reformed 
Church of which they are both professors; and that "the banns should be pub- 
lished according to the prescribed order of that Church." Then follows the 
pre-nuptial settlement, upon GabrieUe and her children, of certain properties 
and monies given to her as dowry by her grandmother de Cassagnes, who 
seems to have been the fairy godmother of the young couple. So they set out 
on life's voyage with every prospect of happiness and prosperity; enjoying 
advantages of social rank, refined society and surroundings, and endowed with 
wealth suitable to their station. 

But the demands of military service were exacting, allowing little time for 
domestic peace and quiet. Already a Captain, he was doubtless soon called back 
to his post of duty, and three years later, February 18, 1674, we hear of him in 
the Regiment of Navarre as Captain of a company of Lancers (see his Commis- 
sion, signed Lotus). Tradition tells that during his long absence from home- 
perhaps twenty years— his wife became totally blind. When again re-united, 
she refused to recognize the husband whom she had so long mourned as dead, 

*A11 dates marked with an asterisk* are approximate. 
Page Twenty-Three 


until aching on the tip of H. ear a hairy mole, her doubts vanished, and with 
ewes of joyful recognition, she Ml fainting in his arms. 
Tl676, \ friendly letter from Cardinal de Bensy »» ^se d 'otaj 
Pvnerol Savoy ; and in 1677 he writes that he "went to Sicily. These letters 
T:l!t, and though only detaehed items, are indicative of continuous 

"*JZ£%Xi«*. — *• *—«- - d Capt deR0U5 1'rt; 

W*h many of his brother-effleers, he fled to Holland. C— oned by h 
TovernTJ he joined the forces of William and Mary to fight ,n Ireland the 
EE^f Protectant succession for Englaud, and fortunately was assigned to 
^command of his old French General, Frederic Armand, Due de Schomberg, 

W T" ^."'Lrved, dated Usbumc, January 16th, 16B9 and 

signed' by'tt git Schomberg-whose autograpb lends J*-- **^J 

rdocument-giving leave of absence for the benefit of his health. With 

tanurTof others cl the army, he bad suffered from fever ,» "£- 

DTndalk, after the siege of Carrtckfergns, in 1689, when nearly half of Sebum 

bCr xt TZuTbS of the Boyne was fought duly 1st, of the same year, 169^ 
Here the noble, the good, the brave, Schomberg was billed. We can hardly 
"tuna e acgriW of our Captain at the loss of his beloved friend and generaL 

Ttne Lily archives is preserved an autographic.! letter b£ Tn*m Duo 
de Sane dated February Uth, 1703-a personal friendly letter, which, with 
leTf run , men of high'degree, shows how bigbly Capt. deRosset was regarded 

K< — Frames mentioned in these papers tel, how largely^ 
nn!,y of Protestant England was recruited by Huguenot refugees who followed 

^ « moreTwn to n, of the military life and service of Cap, deKosseb 
B would be interesting to some future one of his name to search into b Army 

A f Fncland if nerchancc further information might be obtained. 
'T Doctors SllTn the "Private Acts" (H. Anne, Act II.), is thi, record, 

~^c"7™ B<1 , Duke .. ■*-«•■«-, C^C'''^ £"l£.*S 

ship between his family and that of the Duke. 

Page Twenty-Four 





^ ^ 



2 if* 

2 ^s 


"In 1708, Louis deRosset, Peter Brozet and others were naturalized." And 
still another, "In April 1725, Administration of goods &c of Ludovicus deRosset 
was granted." These could hardly have been any other than our ancestor, and 
we do not hesitate to accept the year 1725 as the date of his death. 

At some period of his exile Capt. deRosset writes a statement which he calls 
"Memoirs pour mes affaires de France." Only a fragment remains — neither 
dated nor addressed — but it is interesting as throwing light upon some points of 
his history. 

Beginning with his departure from France, he continues, "I left because I 
would not be made a Papist of." He mentions three estates he owns near 
Uzes and Nines, viz: (1) Perignan, inherited from his father's sister, "my Aunt 
La Niguiere de Janin," jointly with his Cousin deRosset de Montpelier ; (2) "La 
Croix Monau," which, by his marriage contract, was settled upon his children 
and could not be sold, and (3) The "De la Croix" estate, which came to him by 
decree of the Court of Nines, after a lawsuit he had instituted against a fraudu- 
lent debtor, one Bubod, the suit being decided in his (deRosset's) favor; he 
enjoyed possession of it for four years before he left France, and his wife also 
held it three years after, when the "perfidious thief" Fourneyron seized and now 
holds it as his own, saying that "I gave it to him !" "He deprived my mother-in- 
law (Mine, de Gondin) of it, and now it is necessary to demand of him the deeds 
and rental of said land since the year 1688, less what he can prove to have legiti- 
mately expended upon it." Fourneyron, his "man of business," had also been 
his "guardian during his minority." He is clearly proved to have been both 
treacherous and dishonest in all his dealings with him. 

The mention of his mother-in-law alone being dispossessed of the estate indi- 
cates that his wife, Gabrielle, may have died before the time he wrote, or that, 
leaving her mother at their old home, she may have by this time joined him in 
England. He speaks of her as his only wife, and of her child, Armand, as his 
only son. 

Whether any of his kindred were with him at the time of his death, we do not 
know. But we believe that in the year 1725, "the strong, heroic spirit passed 
away" and "God gave to His beloved sleep." May he rest in peace in his un- 
known grave, till Christ Himself shall call him to the eternal rest promised to 
those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake! 

Page Twenty-Five 



"The Father's love that led them through the past 
At length in this good land their lot hath cast." 

Dr. Armand John deRosset (1) (1695*-1760) my great-great-grand- 
father, was the Huguenot immigrant and founder of the American family of his 
name. He was the only son of the Huguenot exile of 1685, Capt. Louis deRosset, 
and Gabrielle dc Gondin. 

Of Dr. Armand's childhood nothing has come down to us but that he was a 
native of France, Province of Narbonne, of the noble house of Ucetia. That he 
was educated at famous schools of England and Belgium we are assured by the 
testimony of his medical diploma, still extant. It is dated December 3, 17S0, and 
was received from the University of Basel, Switzerland, one of the celebrated 
institutions of learning in Europe. The great seal of the University is still 
attached to it, enclosed in a metal box, and it is signed by the chief authorities 
of the University — John Conrad, Bishop of Basel and Chancellor of the Univer- 
sity, John Buxton, Rector, &c. ; is witnessed by John Henry Stechclius, Professor 
of Anatomy and Botany and Dean of the University, and attested by John 
George Schatzmaun, Notary. The graduate is styled "the most noble" and 
"most learned" "Master Armandus deRosset," and it avers that he was judged 
worthy to be admitted to a degree in Medical Science and to be honored with 
the title of "Doctor." 

My brother-in-law, Maj. Daves, when travelling in Europe a few years ago, 
turned aside from the route he was pursuing to visit the University of Basel. 
He was cordially welcomed by the faculty and was gratified to learn that Dr. 
deRosset's name was still held in honored remembrance and that his thesis was 
preserved in the Library. 

The date of his birth Is not known, therefore wc can only guess at his age at 
this time. He married in Switzerland a "Lady of the noble house of Ucetia" 
(the modern Uzes), who, being of the same family, was probably a kinswoman 
and, like himself, a Huguenot exile. It is certain that they returned to France 
after he had graduated, for their two eldest children, Gabrielle and Louis Henry, 
were born in Montpelier. 

Page Twenty-Six 



z ^ P 

£ n a 






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■ . : I 

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-- ■ • : 





•s« ■ ~Sl!* 





He was called to England probably at the time of his father's death, and in 
London, December 27, 1726, his youngest son, Moses John, was born. 

It is not known what circumstances led Dr. Armand to come to North Carolina. 

The tide of Huguenot immigration had well-nigh ceased, but many friends of his 

father from the North of Ireland had come by that time, and may have induced 

him to join them In the Cape Fear Colony. At any rate, about 1735, with his 

1 if« and their three children, he arrived in Wilmington, then a small hamlet 

of s<n ik' forty families, called New Liverpool.* At once taking his stand as a 

public-spirited citizen, alive to the best interests of the Province, and educated 

far beyond the standard of his fellows, he held positions of trust and honor in the 

town councils, and practiced his healing art for the good of the community with 

skill and profit. Grants of land were assigned to him in various parts of the 

Province, and he became a large holder of real estate in the town and county. 

Being a devoted member of the Church of England, as his father must have 

been (since no record of his name exists in the Huguenot Church in London), he 

threw all his energies towards the establishment of St. James' Parish and Church, 

leading in every effort to build it on a sure foundation for the spiritual welfare of 

his own and succeeding generations. He and his sons have been well called "the 

founders of St. James." Truly docs Lord Bacon say, "The planting of a new 

country is among the most heroic works of man." 

So, in the strength of the trustful legend of their own escutcheon, "In Domino 
Confido," these Roses of Provence were transplanted to the sunny shores of Caro- 
lina, where the "lovely lady of Ucetia" was to become the mother of many 
descendants. May they, each in his own life, maintain the noble principles of 
their forefathers who "sought a better country, even an Heavenly." Emulating 
their virtues and following their blessed examples, may they ever bear in mind 
the proud motto so justly theirs by right of inheritance — "Noblesse Oblige." 
Dr. DeRosset fixed his residence in Wilmington on Second street, between 
Market and Princess; it was afterwards occupied by William Hooper, the 
signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

Madame deRosset was a lady of education and refinement, and of remarkable 
beauty of person and loveliness of disposition. Her portrait in oil, with others 
of the family, was among the few treasures brought from France and hung 
in grand-pa's house many years. Being much defaced by time and travel, they 
were consigned to the attic waiting the opportunity for restoration, but during 

*Wilmington was incorporated in 1739 by Governor Gabriel Johnston and named by him in 
compliment to his friend and patron, Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington. 

Page Twenty-Seven 


the tables of the civil war they finally disappeared. Grand-pa's likeness to k» 
grand-father was said to be striking, and the lovely features of "Ucetia" were 
reproduced m those of her beautiful great-grand-daughter, "Polly" Toomer 
In 1746, the brave, sweet wife passed into the rest of Paradise, and was buried 
m the grounds of her home (there being as yet no church-yard), where years 
later the partner of the joys and sorrows of her troubled life was laid beside her 
Grand-pa has told us that in his childhood he played under an apple tree which 
shaded their graves. April 13, 1751, five years after the death of his wife, Dr 
deRosset married a second time. The lady of his choice was Elizabeth Catherine 
Bndgen, a native of Bristol, England, and daughter of Samuel Bridgen, of Lud- 
low Castle, Onslow (then New Hanover) County. She was an intimate friend of 
the Burgwin famdy of the same place, and sister of Edward Bridgen, of the firm 
of Bndgen & Waller, a commercial house of Bristol and London, which in 
Colonial times had extensive business interests in the Province. She was a woman 
of superior education and intelligence and great strength of character Her 
masculine will dominated that of her good husband, whose fiery temper she 
ruled in a way that would have been foreign to the nature of the gentle, courteous 
Lady of Ucetia. She long survived him, and after his death retired to her 
country seat, "the Chinese Temple," adjoining "the Hermitage." Politically she 
was a "Tory." Some of her letters have been preserved, and though they have 
no bearing upon our family history are worthy of being recorded here as interest- 
ing pen and ink sketches of Colonial life in the time of the passing of the Royal 

An anecdote of this lady I remember hearing is this: She had a remarkably 
fine figure, but was very homely of feature. One day walking on the street her 
stately mien attracted the attention of a drunken sailor, who for some distance 
staggered after her, with many demonstrations of admiration, until, as she 
entered a store and for a moment turned, the spell was broken and he hiccoughed, 
"You were an angel to follow, but you are a devil to face." Imagine the irate 
lady's disgust and indignation at hearing the unwelcome truth from such a 
source ! 

She had no children, and died in 1778 of malignant fever at her summer home 
on Masonboro Sound. 

Colonial Records of North Carolina, Vol. VI., page 385, tell that, in May, 
1760, the Council assembled at Newbern appointed the successor of Dr. A. J.' 
deRosset as Justice of the Quorum for New Hanover, "he being deceased." 

His three children, Gabrielle, Louis Henry and Moses John, survived him. 

Page Twenty-Eight 




Gabrieile, only daughter of Armand J. deRosset, M. D., was born in Mont- 
pelier, France, in 1722,* and died in Wilmington, N. C, March 29, 1755. 
She in. November 24, 1741, John duBois, 1707-1767 (his second wife). 

duBois and Walker. 

The duBois family were Huguenots of Rochelle, France, who fled at the time 
of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew (1572) to Holland, when Domine Petrus 
duBois was a clergyman of Amsterdam. His son, Gualthemus (Walter) 
duBois, b. in Stief-Keerk, July 20th, 1671, was called to the pastorate of the 
Reformed Church in New York in 1699, and died there at the age of eighty 
years, in October, 1751. Known as "the old Domine," he was so greatly beloved 
and so universally respected that he is said to have been more like a Bishop 
among the Dutch churches of his day than the Pastor of a single congregation. 
He married Helena vonBaal, and had, among other children (who left no known 
issue), Johannes or John, who m., as stated above, November 24, 1741, Gabrielle 
deRosset. They had five children, of whom (1) Magdalene, (2) Louis and (3) 
Moses, died in infancy, (4) Armand John, m. Magaret, daughter of his uncle, 
Isaac duBois, and died without issue. He and his wife are interred in the 
cemetery at Newburg, N. Y. The fifth child, Magdalene Margaret duBois, 
b. February 19, 1755, d. November, 1827, m. January, 1770, Capt. James 
Walker (1742-1808), third son of Robert and Ann Walker. 

The families of deRosset and Walker are closely allied by repeated intermar- 
riages through successive generations, resulting in ties of kinship and affection 
to the present day. 

Robert Walker, of Portaferry, Ireland, was a near kinsman of Rev. George 
Walker, "the fighting parson of Londonderry," who was killed at the battle of 
the Boyne (1690). 

Robert m. Ann Montgomery Shearer, of the Montgomery family of Mt. 
Alexander, and in 1738, with his wife, two sons and numerous retainers, emi- 
grated to Wilmington, North Carolina. He was a prominent citizen, held the 
office of Lord High Sheriff of New Hanover County (then a large tract of 
country), was Justice of the Court of Appeals, &c, &c. 

His children, born in Ireland, were: (1) William Montgomery, a citizen of 
high repute and honor in the community, and (2) John, who m. in 1762, Mary, 

Page Twenty-Nine 


daughter of William and Margaret Espey Lord. He was her fourth husband 
and the father of her six children — among whom were Mary (Mrs. Vance) and 
Ann (Mrs. McDonald), from whom are descended many of our most valued 
kinspeople. Mrs. Walker m. a fifth time, George Meek, lived to a good old age, 
and is remembered as "old Aunt Meek." (3) Margaret Walker (1728-1785) 
m. in 1755, Louis Henry deRosset, King's Councillor — they had no issue. (4) 
Ann Walker (1740-1) m. May 6, 1773, John Quince and had issue among others 
Mary, who m. Col. Archibald F. McNeill. (5) James Walker (1742-1808) m. 
January 18, 1770, Magdalene Margaret, dau. of John and Gabrielle (deRosset) 
duBois. Issue (1) James W. (1770-1838) m. Mary Jane Toomer, (2) Harriet 
(1784-1815) m. Edwin Jay Osborne, (3) Louise M. (1788-1855) m. Gen. 
Joseph G. Swift, U. S. A., (4) Julius Henry (1793-1827) m. Mary W. McNeill. 


Chinese Temfle,* Aug. 25th, 177,5. 

I wrote you the other day by one Capt. Arthur. He intended sailing for London; but Mr. 
Hogg sent him to Plymouth. I gave him a letter and packet for my brother. I enclosed your 
letter (open) to Mr. B. and begged him to direct it to you wherever you were— in London, 
Bristol or Bath. Whither the man has gone I cannot say, as I think he had not a fair wind. I 
wrote to no one else but you and my brother, hut by this conveyance I shall write to everybody, 
as the Lord only knows when an opportunity will be given again & it seems to me I am taking 
my last leave of you all. 

Mr. Grayhamf has got the fever and ague, but is now taking bark— like Mr. Burguin himself! 
How does the lame leg do? Is it easy? is it strong? is it so civil as to let you bear any weight 
upon it? is it glad it is in the "great Beehive?" 

We have very little sickness as yet among us & no deaths. Mr. John Quince it is generally 
believed has a grave-yard cough, and will soon go the way of all flesh. I think he has been going 
the last fifteen years ! The Court of Admiralty I mentioned in my last was held at Brunswick- 
out at the Fort J. The man gave £300 for his vessel— the thing was too plain to make a dispute. 

The Gov,§ is still on board the Man-of-War, & Mr. Hasell, his Lieut., sticks by him. They 
have intercepted many of his letters & memorials sent about to induce the back-country people 
to take up arms. But his conduct, it is said, has been so extraordinary that it has united the 
people & had a quite different effect from what he intended; & all the Companies that were at 
variance with one another now muster together & are very friendly— or very deceitful. The 
Artillery Co. joined the Independents & they perform their exercises together— this is what the 
gentlemen tell me, & I must always depend on some of them for intelligence. 

Capt. McLaine (who, by the way, is an ensign) is going to carry his wife & himself up the 
N. West. He speaks such things as are disagreeable to the people & his friends, I believe, wish 

•Mm, deRosset's country seat, eight miles N, of Wilmington, adjoining the Hermitage. 

fMr. Grayham was Mr. Burguin's plantation manager. 

JFort Johnston, at the mouth of the Cape Fear— Smithville then, but now Southport. 


Page Thirty 


Mr Hoee tells me the people of Bogue did not use him ill, only some fellows on 
h,m gone. Mr Hogg tells me tne p i k ^^ ^ fm ^ scraps of 

the road were impertinent to him. I don t know . y » ^ ^ ^ 

intelligence, but, I would if I were m your p ace B ^« as ^ (in < Hhe 

Point Pleasant will end in matnmony-by h» f^f^^T^ & ' if a Ladv WO uld do 

harm to herself, she should * *« p g »™ .^ I think she must seem to 

AS tt» T : h ! P J^rove. and Z is too sensible to trifle away his time without some 

encourage when she disapproves, ana a* Nds(m is mope 

approbation. In general people m ^^^f^^^S^te if Fanny loved 
chatty and agreeable than ever^veu bef ore ^s M-tress l« 5uch a sigh 

hira . Do you remember how ^^^^^2^^ are alT well-as much 
or I will never speak to J™ **^*^ ne J 1 still in tow* * I believe have no 
yours as ever, even the little Fanny """f 1 ™^ f intelligenC e-there everything 

111 be there place of destination, & that en h» ""™' '^ J' 'J* ^pose „ iU be sonre- 
Tha. will b, ,be MM -f i-N «- F *J- *g- ,., J» o( , , some ,„„„ 

SStE-MSii !*.*- f^S » «* SSs-*m * - » - 

" We"L p-odiaious - — «■ Mrf-lSl57 SiVSn.l« 
The corn also will be very line it these deluges of ram do not .poll we y 

little hoys if you are near^ them.+f • • * bec „„ ing « resident of this place, If these 

Mr. John Boyd-Adan, Boyd's brother-talks of u ,1 hirnself-be 

American affaire be settlcd-he goes to Plymouth-tat talks ol 

is a sensible man. * watch and vard— not of men that 

They have made an addition of t-p,^ ^bLn ve £ ^ some of then, 

.rumble a little, but stdl they do it I Y«m C»B ^ once, e q (lrimkenn , ss there used to be. 

robbing of stores-^ery negro at home - ^^ed and her child dead. Mrs Jack 
"Sofar-so-good I M rs - * om " ■ . . „ G kie Mr . Lord of Brunswick talks 

„„ k „ ta M, eareied U, M. *M» J~ -t-MM-l* P-** •*-* J» 
„f taking that just left by Mrs. Y. aiKer what wiU bwome of 

of coming up here soon, if the ■j*" — * J J££ M , s but iittle, but I believe makes 
us! Mrs. Humphrey has her heatth e* t.e.nel wdL MM ^^ ^^ 

11 " " itU "**. f^LlW^^ 2- English peaches for me this 

2rKsrffi!rs« ~ s ^ a, ** as g oo d as » ^ » 

a ^ -f ^'remarkable old lady of J — - S-tWTST ^ 

May God Almighty hold you in His b.h«NW & fc yr ^ ^ 

Eliz. Catii. deRosset. 

**The Waddell family. ih,r««ta sent to England to be educated. 

ffGen. Hugh Waddell's orphan sons, wards of Mr. Burguin, sent a g 

Page Thirty-One 


Chinese Temple, Sept. 10, 1T75. 

* * * This, I fear, will be my very lasl for a long time. * * * I ventured same days ago 
to give Mr. Grayham some advice about your corn fields. You must know that a violent storm 
ushered in the month of Sept. it lasted a whole night & great part of next day. It began in 
the east and came around to N. E. with great violence. The fine promising crops of corn are 
all down within half a foot of the ground. Now a-s my experience has taught me that the 
weight of the top helps greatly to bend it down, I advised Mr. G. to cut them off & told him 
that the corn would soon right itself. He said that fodder he had got was ruined & the 
Hermitage was half under water — the bridges all carried off and he was obliged to go to Castle 
Haynes by water — the roads everywhere are almost impassable. This storm was a great hind- 
rance to vessels loading & they are not to be brought up again — petiaugers sinking and running 
on shore — three poor sailors drowned — no negroes lost though many in danger. * * * 

The Committee talked of permitting the shipping Monday & Tuesday to finish their loading 
because they shant work Sunday — it being the 10th ! Who more religious than our Wilmington 
folk! Mr. Hayes goes to the W. Indies — will remain there till he is permitted to return. * * * 

Perhaps you will be surprised to hear Mr. Hogg is in England. He was one of your "non- 
conformed to the times" — & so made off. He first attempted it at Bogue, but they would not 
let him go. He then came home, mustered with the rest upon the hill, but took his opportunity 
when Capt. Arthur was ready, to go. 'Tis said he carries the Governor's despatches. 

I begin to think your lame leg wasn't so unlucky just now. Had you been here you must 
have declared yourself of one party or the other, you must have taken your turn on Hie watch; 
and you must have mustered. Your property would have been very insecure — as it is the case 
is otherwise. You are one of your (?) now. You cannot confess to anything because you are 
incapable. No one will be so cruel as to harm the property of an infirm man, who was drove 
home by a dreadful accident, to get cured. I think I could plead very well in a case like 
yours. My gouty foot is beter, & presents its compliments to your lame one. Would you 
change complaints with me? Col. Howe* says he would not. 

All the world is at Hillsboro and nothing they have done has yet transpired. 1 can give you 
no information. 'Tis thought they intend to raise 2000 men upon pay, & you will come in for 
your quota of the expense tho' in England — and so must poor I, thugh their laws have 
already taken from me £96 pr. annum in the one article of cooperage, besides the loss they 
will occasion in the hire of my other servants, which will lessen as the distress of the place 
increases, & I shall have no resource of any kind. Still I have resolution to bring my mind 
to my interests, if they will but leave me the little house over my head and not frighten me out 
of my senses. * * * Things must go a great way before I fly my own house, as I presume the 
moment I do so it might be pillaged, 

I forgot to tell you in its place as I designed, that Mr. Hogg has been up again to town & has 
wrote a very genteel letter to Mr. Hooper, He has also left a hundred lbs, sterling for the 
use of the public. Mr. Hogg is a very clever gentleman & may now carry as many despatches 
as he pleases. And now let me whisper in your ear; — it is a matter of wonder that Mr. Burguin 
had not done some such thing before he left, or left orders to have it done. I assure you this 
was no bad policy in Mr. Hogg— it will most effectually secure his property, and retrieve what 
he has lost with the public. Mr. Tom Hooper has lost his wife—he has come to live in my 
neighborhood at Mr. John Moore's. Mrs. George of that name is enciente again! 

Your friends at the Lodge are very well — but so distant I never see them, now and then the 
Dr. calls, chats, & drinks small beer with me. Poor London looks mighty down upon the times 
—but don't speak. * * * * Yours, &c, E. C. deRosset. 

Mr. J. Burguin, London. 

*General Robert Howe, whose home was burned by the British. 

Page Thirty -Two 


Fragment undated. 
a Jm T bU - rf " g , fr ° m thC " War ° f the R «8^tors» had become very alarming 
at the Hermitage. She writes him thus: B 

wilVf " Sucb S reat T ei 7 ts ha ™ certainly the hand of God in them, to bring about His own 

Zide rrr - 1 ^vsr ^ ^^ ^ ^ aU - „ de si gned g bv GO d- s gj 

prov.lence for the benefit of the whole in SO me future age of the world, tho' at present 
mj urmus to the individual. And what am I, or what my Father's house that I should be exZ 

me God! But md«d I am a coward-I never knew how much of one before this trial I never 
wished to be a man before last month. Dr. Cobham wishes to be a woman. Had ' not been 

s tlti ;l LhT ; , ave g r straight to cast,e n ^ * **> ^ * *™JEz 

Trt /k J bemg al ° ne m the Counir y- The ° ther da y 200 Regulators -as they 

style them-came down a, far as Beauford's Bridge in order to make the merchant!* in 
S'cular Jack Moore, se.l their goods cheaper. M, Moore went to me Them conferr d 
w th them & I SU pp ose pacified theni-they returned home again. I assure you these arTthe 
folks I stand most in dread of. I hear that the County has come to a resolution hat f he 

srTeT ff fTr^-' ° F ^ King ' S tr °°P S d ^°y h — s, towns or private property & 
pare the effects of the King's officers & servants, not a house (of the Royalists) shall be eft 
£ ^o perhaps I ^all have the fate of the fish that jumU out o/the frying P an ,nt 

R^erfL on his way ^E^S ' ^ " ^^ * * ** «* "" *" & ^ 

wished to £ Mrs. Grayham an MnoraMe post **** u, but i could not th n of detadi" 
a lady who ha, been so extremely civil to me-besides she is much too tall for such an office 
Mr G so good as to let me use my own linen, & 'tis washed by my own e van s Thotm' 
I don break your family rules I *«* a dish of Tea in my L. dETZj J2S 
leal" say you, 'do you have Tea'" Vm f*„iir i j„) v . , ouo'y mvrmng. 

sympathy with th P hZ f ' t , y d ° ! Y ° U must know Sir ' that whether from 

sympathy with the times, or not— I can't say— but certainly on the 10th Sent T «« * t, 

very sick & indeed not only looked so, but was very ill. I thought if could drmk La I ' JSS 

recover much sooner, but as I did not choose to do this in priTatTl ft *S I ^ £ 

* -At^ss^zrar.5 * -isr- n h n - this 

To Mr. John Burguin, London. ' ' C ' DERosaET - 

Page Thirty-Three